Using the Inverse Kinematics Modes  

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This task describes how to move the manikin's segments using the inverse kinematics' commands in the Manikin Posture toolbar:

Inverse Kinematics (IK) Worker Frame Mode

Inverse Kinematics (IK) Segment Frame Mode

Using the 3D mouse for IK mode

Inverse kinematics is a very intuitive tool for quickly positioning the manikin in its environment. This command is based on Fix IK constraints creation and activation on the dedicated segments. The principle is simple. The selection of a segment activates a constraint. This constraint can be used for fixing a segment or for moving it. No constraint will be created automatically without previously selecting the appropriate segment. Before, when the pelvic segment's control point was activated, constraints were created automatically for fixing the feet. The reason for this change is to gain the ability to relocate the manikin without keeping the feet at the same place.
  This task also describes how to use a 3D mouse to manipulate manikins while in IK mode. The 3D mouse does not replace the regular mouse and keyboard but is used as an additional tool. For more information on how to use a 3D mouse with V5 products, please see "Moving Objects Using the 3D Mouse" in the Infrastructure User Guide.
IK Worker Frame mode
This mode behaves in the same manner except the compass is oriented in the worker (global) frame.

IK Segment Frame mode
In this mode, any segment selection made in the 3D environment will automatically snap the compass to the associated segment IK control point. The compass is oriented in the segment frame.

IK Worker Frame mode

  1. Select the IK Worker Frame Mode

  2. Select a manikin segment. The compass will snap to the selected segment's control point.

  3. These seven control points are:

    Line of Sight (if displayed)
    Pelvis (root)
    Right Hand
    Left Hand
    Right Foot
    Left Foot


  4. On the compass, select the axis corresponding to the direction of the desired movement and start dragging. The controlled point will follow the compass movements.


  5. The compass can be locked to stay in the plane you are working on. Use the compass contextual menu (click the compass with the right mouse button) and select Lock Privileged Plane Orientation Parallel to Screen.

IK Segment Frame mode

This orients the compass in the segment frame. Compare how the compass orientation differs from that in the IK Worker Frame Mode, for example:

IK Segment Frame mode IK Worker Frame mode

When finished, drag the compass back to the empty space or select View > Reset Compass from the main menu.


Using the 3D mouse for IK mode

The 3D mouse, supported by V5, is a new method for moving the manikin in IK mode.

IK Worker Frame mode

The manikin coordinate system is used as the reference when using the 3D mouse to manipulate the compass in this mode. The spatial representation appears as if the user is standing behind the manikin, placing his hand on the top of the manikin's hand, foot, etc. When you push the 3D mouse button forward, the selected segment (foot, hand, head, etc.) will move forward. Moving the mouse upward produces an elevation, etc.

All rotations are blocked in IK Worker Frame mode.

IK Segment Frame mode

In this mode, the 3D mouse is used to produce rotations of any segment. The spatial representation appears as if the user is standing behind the manikin, placing his hand in the same orientation as the manikin's hand, foot, head, etc.

The Manikin eyes follow the 3D compass with Reach and IK Mode

This proposes a more natural behavior for the manikin's vision when it is performing a reach or IK on an object.  The vision of the manikin is directed to the object the manikin is trying to pick up, which would be more like human behavior.