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Files Reference

Workload Manager shares File


Contains the definition of the number of shares of all the resources allocated to superclasses or subclasses for a given configuration.


The shares file in the /etc/wlm/Config directory describes the resource allocations for the superclasses of the WLM configuration named Config. If the superclass named Super of this configuration has subclasses defined, the resource allocations for the subclasses are defined in the file /etc/wlm/Config/Super/shares.

The file is organized into stanzas that are named after WLM classes and contain attribute-value pairs specifying the number of shares allocated to the class for the various resources. The attribute names identify the resource. The shares value is either an integer between 1 and 65535 or a hyphen (-) to indicate that WLM does not regulate the class for the given resource. The hyphen is the system default.


Each stanza names a WLM class that must exist in the classes file at the corresponding level (superclass or subclass).

The following are class attributes defined in the shares file:

CPU Specifies the number of CPU shares allocated to the class
memory Specifies the number of physical memory shares allocated to the class
diskIO Specifies the number of disk I/O shares allocated to the class

The default values mentioned above are the system default and can be modified using a special stanza named "default."

Consider the following stanza at the beginning of the shares file:

    CPU           = 10
    diskIO       = 4

This stanza defines the default values for the number of shares for CPU and disk I/O so that if the CPU and diskIO attributes are not specified for some or all of the classes specified, the attributes default to 10 and 4, respectively. In this example, the default value for physical memory is still a hyphen, meaning no regulation. Classes that use only default values for all the resource types can be omitted in the shares file.

Implementation Specifics

This file is part of Base Operating System (BOS) Runtime.


The shares file must have write permission for root user only. The shares file for superclasses must have write permission for the adminuser and admingroup for the superclass.

If no adminuser exists for the superclass, the files should be owned by root. If no admingroup exists for a superclass, the shares file for the superclass should be owned by the system group and should have no write permission for group.


The following is an example of a typical /etc/wlm/Config/shares file:

* System Defined Classes
* In this example, the system administrator uses
* only default values for the System
* and Shared
* superclasses, and those are omitted
* in the file
* The system administrator gives non
* default values
* only for the Default class:
    CPU    = 5
    memory = 10
* User defined classes
    CPU     = 8
    memory  = 20
    diskIO = 6
   memory  = 12
    diskIO = 6

Note: The asterisk (*) is a comment character.


shares Defines the resource entitlements for the superclasses or subclasses of a WLM configuration

Related Information

The lsclass command, mkclass command, chclass command, rmclass command.

The classes file, limits file, rules file.

Files in AIX 5L Version 5.1 System User's Guide: Operating System and Devices.

Chapter 13. Workload Manager in AIX 5L Version 5.1 System Management Concepts: Operating System and Devices


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