Provides the remote print server on a network.
lpd [ -d ] [ -l ] [ -D DebugOutputFile]
The lpd daemon is the remote print server. It monitors port 515 for print requests. Each request is placed in a directory named /var/spool/lpd.
A computer on a network (host) that can create a Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) data stream and use the lpd protocol can print remotely or act as a print server. As a security feature, the lpd daemon accepts print requests only from remote hosts that are listed in the local /etc/hosts.equiv or /etc/hosts.lpd file.
The lpd daemon can run on any host in the network; its function is to accept print requests from foreign hosts (on port 515). The lpd daemon handles each request by forking a child process. Remote requests are first checked against the /etc/hosts.equiv and /etc/hosts.lpd files for permission to print on the local host.
Changes can be made to the /etc/hosts.equiv and /etc/hosts.lpd files without restarting the system. To put changes to these files into effect without restarting the system, use the System Resource Controller (SRC) refresh command. This command causes the /etc/hosts.equiv and /etc/hosts.lpd database files to be reloaded and the changes implemented.
Note: The queuing system does not support multibyte host names.
The /etc/locks/lpd file contains the process ID of the currently running instance of the lpd daemon. If the current machine becomes inoperable, you may need to remove the ID for the lpd daemon when the system starts up again. The error message displayed is lpd: lock file or duplicate daemon.
The lpd daemon is a subsystem controlled by the System Resource Controller (SRC). The lpd daemon is a member of the TCP/IP system group.
Use the following SRC commands to
manipulate the lpd daemon:
|startsrc||Starts a subsystem, group of subsystems, or a subserver.|
|stopsrc||Stops a subsystem, group of subsystems, or a subserver.|
|refresh||Causes the subsystem or group of subsystems to reread the appropriate configuration file.|
|traceson||Enables tracing of a subsystem, group of subsystems, or a subserver.|
|tracesoff||Disables tracing of a subsystem, group of subsystems, or a subserver.|
|lssrc||Gets the status of a subsystem, group of subsystems, or a subserver.|
|-d||Sends a status of Inactive to be logged with the SRC controller and sends error messages during socket communication setup failures to the user display.|
|-l||Sends a status of Active to be logged with the SRC controller and sends valid or invalid job request messages to the user display.|
|-D DebugOutputFile||Sends extensive debugging output used for problem determination to the file specified by DebugOuputFile. This should only be used during problem determination as the DebugOuputFile can grow large rapidly. If the output file specified already exists, new debugging output is appended to the end of it. If there are any problems creating or writing to the output file, the debugging option is ignored.|
startsrc -s lpd
|/usr/sbin/lpd||Specifies the path to the lpd daemon.|
|/dev/lp*||Contains the names of print devices.|
|/etc/hosts.equiv||Contains the names of hosts allowed to execute commands and print.|
|/etc/hosts.lpd||Contains the names of hosts allowed to print only.|
|/var/spool/lpd||Contains the spool directory for control, status, and data files.|
|/etc/locks/lpd||Contains the PID of the currently running lpd daemon.
After a system crash, this PID may need to be deleted. The following
error message indicates the problem:
lpd: lock file or duplicate daemon
Using the lpd Remote Subsystem in the AIX 5L Version 5.1 Guide to Printers and Printing.
Remote Printing Overview in the AIX 5L Version 5.1 Guide to Printers and Printing.