Creating File Systems on Removable Tapes or Diskettes


About This Document
File Systems on Removable Media

About This Document

This document describes how to create JFS file systems on floppy diskettes. This procedure is not supported. The procedure applies to all versions of AIX.

File Systems on Removable Media

JFS file systems cannot be created on a tape device, for the following reasons:

  1. There is no AIX support for this.

  2. No JFS logging mechanism exists for these devices.

  3. A tape device is not randomly accessible.

  4. Our tape device drivers do not provide a block interface. That is why we mount /dev/hd4 (block interface) rather than /dev/rhd4 (character interface).

Even if it were possible to create a file system on tape, the performance would be incredibly slow.

Creating JFS file systems on floppy diskettes is NOT SUPPORTED; however, the safeguards can be circumvented and a read-only JFS file system can be built on a floppy diskette and mounted. The reason that the file system will be read-only is that AIX cannot create a journal log on a diskette. Please keep in mind that this is not a supported procedure and that using it jeopardizes system stability.

To make the unsupported read-only JFS file system on a floppy diskette:

  1. Make a subdirectory on an existing file system and place all of the files that the diskette will contain into the subdirectory.

  2. Enter the following command to create a prototype file containing information about the new file system, where /directory is the pathname of the subdirectory created in Step 1 and proto_filename is the name of the prototype of the file that will be created:
        proto /directory > proto_filename 

  3. Place your floppy diskette into the drive and format it. For more information on this process, see the manpage for the fdformat command.

  4. Edit the prototype file and replace the first line, which should begin with a "#," with the following command:
        <noboot> 0 0 

    Save the file.

  5. Enter the following command to make the file system on your floppy diskette:
    mkfs -p proto_filename -V jfs /dev/fd0 

  6. Make the directory upon which you wish to make the floppy-based file system, or you can use the /mnt directory. Then, enter the following command to mount the file system:
    mount -r -V jfs /dev/fd0 /your_mount_point 

  7. To unmount the file system, use the command:
    umount /dev/fd0 

WARNING: Do not eject the diskette without first unmounting it.

The fact that the file system is read-only may be a problem, but if you are going to use it for utility programs and other data that does not change much, it still may be useful. If you need to change the data, you can copy the directory from the floppy into another directory, make your modifications, and remake the file system using this procedure.

Creating File Systems on Removable Tapes or Diskettes: fs.floppy.tape.all.krn ITEM: FAX
Dated: 99/05/14~00:00 Category: krn
This HTML file was generated 99/06/24~12:42:07
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