Read and set the IEEE floating-point rounding mode.
Standard C Library (libc.a)
fprnd_t fp_read_rnd() fprnd_t fp_swap_rnd(RoundMode) fprnd_t RoundMode;
The fp_read_rnd subroutine returns the current rounding mode. The fp_swap_rnd subroutine changes the rounding mode to the RoundMode parameter and returns the value of the rounding mode before the change.
Floating-point rounding occurs when the infinitely precise result of a floating-point operation cannot be represented exactly in the destination floating-point format (such as double-precision format).
The IEEE Standard for Binary Floating-Point Arithmetic allows floating-point numbers to be rounded in four different ways: round toward zero, round to nearest, round toward +INF, and round toward -INF. Once a rounding mode is selected it affects all subsequent floating-point operations until another rounding mode is selected.
Note: The default floating-point rounding mode is round to nearest. All C main programs begin with the rounding mode set to round to nearest.
The encodings of the rounding modes are those defined in the ANSI C Standard. The float.h file contains definitions for the rounding modes. Below is the float.h definition, the ANSI C Standard value, and a description of each rounding mode.
|float.h Definition||ANSI Value||Description|
|FP_RND_RZ||0||Round toward 0|
|FP_RND_RN||1||Round to nearest|
|FP_RND_RP||2||Round toward +INF|
|FP_RND_RM||3||Round toward -INF|
The fp_swap_rnd subroutine can be used to swap rounding modes by saving the return value from fp_swap_rnd(RoundMode). This can be useful in functions that need to force a specific rounding mode for use during the function but wish to restore the caller's rounding mode on exit. Below is a code fragment that accomplishes this action:
save_mode = fp_swap_rnd (new_mode); ....desired code using new_mode (void) fp_swap_rnd(save_mode); /*restore caller's mode*/
|RoundMode||Specifies one of the following modes: FP_RND_RZ, FP_RND_RN, FP_RND_RP, or FP_RND_RM.|
These subroutines are part of Base Operating System (BOS) Runtime.
The floor, ceil, nearest, trunc, rint, itrunc, uitrunc, fmod, or fabs subroutine, fp_any_enable, fp_is_enabled, fp_enable_all, fp_enable,fp_disable_all, or fp_disable subroutine, fp_clr_flag, fp_read_flag, fp_set_flag, or fp_swap_flag subroutine.
Subroutines Overview in AIX Version 4.3 General Programming Concepts: Writing and Debugging Programs.