Displaying and Editing Angular Limitations and Preferred Angles  

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This procedure describes how to display the values of the angular limitations for the DOF (degrees of freedom) that is currently active. It also describes how to set angular limitations as a percentage.

  1. Select the Edits the Angular Limitations and the preferred angles and select a segment. The limits arrows are displayed. These arrows are set by default at the mean values of movement limits. The colored region represents the total range of motion for that DOF.


    • The green arrow shows the upper limit.
    • The yellow arrow shows the lower limit.
    • The blue arrow is used to change the position of the active segment.

    Selecting another segment while the command is running opens the angular limitations for the new segment and closes them for the previous one.

  2. When you double-click the limits arrows, the Angular Limitations dialog box appears (see below).

  3. Using this dialog box, you can activate the angular limits (select Activate manipulation to make the grayed out Lower and upper limit windows active) and modify the values directly with the sliders, the spinners, or by using the left mouse button to manipulate the spinner arrows.

    • Select Reset to return to the default values.
    • Select Close to exit the dialog box.


  4. With the mouse in the limits window, right-click to get the contextual window. This allows you to edit, add or change to a different DOF.

  5. Selecting the Edit... allows you set the Preferred angles, as the Preferred angles dialog box appears.

  6. Select the Edits the Angular limitations and the preferred angles to close the command and hide the angular limits arrows.

Setting angular limitations as a percentage

With this command, you can change the angular limitations of one or many degrees of freedom at once according to the percentage you choose.

This percentage value represents the desired portion of population that must be able to reach the limit. At manikin creation, all angular limitations are set to limits that 50% of the population can reach. Using the Set Angular Limitations as a Percentage command, you may want to restrict (i.e., accommodate a narrower percentage of population) or widen (i.e., accommodate a larger percentage of population) these limits for a specific requirement of the population study.

  1. Select a segment of the manikin. Hold down the Ctrl key on the keyboard to select more than one segment.

  2. Select the Sets the angular limitations according to a percentage between 0 and 100. The following dialog box is displayed:

    A read-only text field shows the currently selected segments (or lines of sight). Select the DOF required.

  3. Choose a percentage between 0 and 100 with the spinner.

  4. Select OK to confirm the modification or Cancel to cancel the action. By selecting OK, both limits (min and max) of all degrees of freedom selected will take the specified percentage.

  5. To reset this modification right-click on the segment, and select Properties.  The Angular limitations tab shows the set limitations.


  6. Select the body element, and select the Reset button to clear the limitation, and OK.

  The modification cannot be done if the selected degree of freedom is locked with a value that would be outside the new limits. In this case, the information is displayed accordingly.