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AIX Version 4.3 Kernel Extensions and Device Support Programming Concepts

A Typical IDE Driver Transaction Sequence

A simplified sequence of events for a transaction between an IDE device driver and an IDE adapter device driver follows. In this sequence, routine names preceded by a dd_ are part of the IDE device driver, while those preceded by an ide_ are part of the IDE adapter device driver.

  1. The IDE device driver receives a call to its dd_strategy routine; any required internal queuing occurs in this routine. The dd_strategy entry point then triggers the operation by calling the dd_start entry point. The dd_start routine invokes the ide_strategy entry point by calling the devstrat kernel service with the relevant ataide_buf structure as a parameter.
  2. The ide_strategy entry point initially checks the ataide_buf structure for validity. These checks include validating the devno field, matching the IDE device ID to internal tables for configuration purposes, and validating the request size.
  3. The IDE adapter device driver does not queue transactions. Only a single transaction is accepted per device (one master, one slave). If no transaction is currently active, the ide_strategy routine immediately calls the ide_start routine with the new transaction. If there is a current transaction for the same device, the new transaction is returned with an error indicated in the ataide_buf structure. If there is a current transaction for the other device, the new transaction is queued to the inactive device.
  4. At each interrupt, the ide_intr interrupt handler verifies the current status. The IDE adapter device driver fills in the ataide_buf status_validity field, updating the ata.status and ata.errval fields as required. The IDE adapter device driver also fills in the bufstruct.b_resid field with the number of bytes not transferred from the request. If all the data was transferred, the b_resid field is set to a value of 0. When a transaction completes, the ide_intr routine causes the ataide_buf entry to be removed from the device queue and calls the iodone kernel service, passing the just dequeued ataide_buf structure for the device as the parameter. The ide_start routine is then called again to process the next transaction on the device queue. The iodone kernel service calls the IDE device driver dd_iodone entry point, signaling the IDE device driver that the particular transaction has completed.
  5. The IDE device driver dd_iodone routine investigates the I/O completion codes in the ataide_buf status entries and performs error recovery, if required. If the operation completed correctly, the IDE device driver dequeues the original buffer structures. It calls the iodone kernel service with the original buffer pointers to notify the originator of the request.

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