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AIX Version 4.3 System Management Guide: Operating System and Devices
About This Book
This book contains information for
understanding and performing tasks that are integral to your day-to-day life as
a system administrator. The book discusses the tools AIX provides for
system management and devotes chapters to the major tasks and topics you
encounter as a system administrator.
Note: The information in this
book can also be found on the AIX Version 4.3 Base Documentation CD. This online documentation is
designed for use with an HTML version 3.2 compatible web browser.
Who Should Use This Book
This book is intended for persons
performing system management on the computer and operating system. Readers of
this book are expected to know basic operating system commands.
This book assumes you are familiar with the
information and concepts presented in the following publications:
- AIX Version 4.3 System User's Guide: Operating System and Devices, SC23-4121
- AIX Version 4.3 System User's Guide: Communications and Networks, SC23-4122
- AIX Version 4.3 Installation Guide,
How to Use This Book
Since your time is in demand, this book is
organized to help you quickly find the information you need. The tasks of each
chapter are arranged in the following order:
- Overview of topic/task group
- Configuration tasks
- Maintenance tasks
Note: The troubleshooting
sections are helpful when you know the cause of your problem. If you encounter a
problem for which you do not know the cause, refer to the AIX Version 4.3 Problem Solving Guide and Reference.
Overview of Contents
This book contains the following chapters
- Chapter 1, "System Management with AIX,"
introduces the major tools provided to assist you in system management and the
features specific to the system.
- Chapter 2, "Starting and Stopping the System,"
contains conceptual information about starting and stopping the system as well
as procedural information to guide you in performing these tasks.
- Chapter 3, "Security," introduces the security
features, including the Trusted Computing Base (TCB), the virscan command
that detects viruses, auditing, and access control.
- Chapter 4, "Administrative Roles," contains
conceptual information about roles and authorization as well as procedural
information to guide you in setting up and maintaining roles.
- Chapter 5, "Managing Users and Groups,"
discusses the features available to manage individual users and illustrates
procedures used to manage groups of users.
- Chapter 6, "Logical Volumes," contains an
overview of managing logical volume storage concepts and procedures.
- Chapter 7, "File Systems," contains in-depth
concepts and procedures for managing files, directories, and file systems.
- Chapter 8, "Paging Space and Virtual Memory,"
discusses the practical uses of paging space allocations, how to create and
maintain paging space for your system, and the Virtual Memory Manager
- Chapter 9, "Backup and Restore," introduces the
commands and concepts used to save your data and restore it from backup.
- Chapter 10, "System Environment," discusses
basic environment components you can manage and how to work with these
components. Also included are instructions that explain how to change the
message of the day, broadcast messages to users, and work with profiles.
- Chapter 11, "National Language Support,"
introduces the special considerations necessary for managing a system in various
languages and time zones.
- Chapter 12, "Process Management," introduces
system processes and how to use them.
- Chapter 13, "System Resource Controller and
Subsystems," introduces this feature and discusses ways to use the
- Chapter 14, "System Accounting," introduces the
conceptual background information needed to use the wide array of system
accounting commands and subroutines.
- Chapter 15, "Setting Up and Running
Symbol.websm;" describes how to set up and run Web-based System Manager in both stand-alone
and Client-Server environments.
- Chapter 16, "System Management Interface Tool,"
describes the use and structure of the System Management Interface Tool, or
SMIT. SMIT is a command-building user interface created to assist the system
manager in constructing and re-creating many system management tasks. The
interface can be used in either an ASCII or windows environment.
- Chapter 17, "Managing the AIX Common Desktop Environment,"
provides detailed instructions for starting, stopping, disabling and enabling
the AIX Common Desktop Environment. It also discusses system management functions for
customizing display devices for AIX Common Desktop Environment.
- Chapter 18, "Documentation Search Service"
allows you to search online HTML documents on your documentation server that
have been indexed. This section provides information on installation and
configuation, and how to create your own indexes to search User created
- Chapter 19, "Managing Power Management,"
describes the system management and general user tasks for Power
- Chapter 20, "Devices," provides a brief
overview of the methods used by the operating system to manage a wide range of
- Chapter 21, "Tape Drives," discusses system
management functions related to tape drives.
- Appendix A, "AIX for BSD System Managers,"
contains information for system managers who are familiar with the 4.3 BSD UNIX
or System V operating system. This chapter explains both similarities and
- Appendix B, "Managing the InfoExplorer
Program," describes the system management considerations and tasks for
InfoExplorer, the user interface to the hypertext version of the system
The following highlighting conventions are
used in this book:
||Identifies commands, subroutines, keywords, files, structures,
directories, and other items whose names are predefined by the system. Also
identifies graphical objects such as buttons, labels, and icons that the user
||Identifies parameters whose actual names or values are to be supplied
by the user.|
||Identifies examples of specific data values, examples of text
similar to what you might see displayed, examples of portions of
program code similar to what you might write as a programmer, messages
from the system, or information you should actually type.|
ISO 9000 registered quality systems were used in the development and manufacturing of this product.
Other Key Sources of System Management
Publications Covering Other Aspects of System
In today's computing environment, it is
impossible to create a single book that addresses all the needs and concerns of
a system administrator. While this guide cannot address everything, we have
tried to structure the rest of our library so that a few key books can provide
you with direction on each major aspect of your job.
The following books cover other key topics of
interest to you:
- AIX Version 4.3 System Management Guide: Communications and Networks, SC23-4127,
covers network administration and maintenance.
- AIX Version 4.3 Installation Guide, SC23-2550
- Problem Solving and Messages:
- AIX Version 4.3 Problem Solving Guide and Reference,
- AIX Version 4.3 Messages Guide and Reference,
- AIX Version 4.3 General Programming Concepts: Writing and Debugging Programs, SC23-4128,
introduces you to the programming tools and interfaces available for
writing and debugging application programs.
- AIX Version 4.3 Communications Programming Concepts, SC23-4124,
provides conceptual and procedural information about various
communications programming tools.
- AIX Version 4.3 Quick Beginnings,
- AIX Version 4.3 Kernel Extensions and Device Support Programming Concepts,
- AIX Version 4.3 Files Reference, SC23-4168.
- Monitoring and tuning system
- AIX Versions 3.2 and 4 Performance Tuning Guide,
SC23-2365, describes the performance
monitoring and tuning tools available with the base
- Performance Toolbox Version 1.2 and 2 for AIX: Guide and Reference,
SC23-2625, describes the additional monitoring
tools available with Performance Toolbox for AIX.
- AIX Version 4.3 Network Installation Management Guide and Reference, SC23-4113,
covers configuration and maintenance of diskless workstations.
- AIX Version 4 Xstation Management Guide,
SC23-2713, covers Xstation configuration and
- Distributed SMIT 2.2 for AIX: Guide and Reference, SC23-2667
, covers information about the Distributed System Management Interface
- Common Desktop Environment 1.0: Advanced User's and System Administrator's Guide, SC23-2795,
covers advanced tasks in customizing the appearance and behavior of the
Common Desktop Environment (CDE).
Manager (ODM) Overview in AIX Version 4.3 General Programming Concepts: Writing and Debugging Programs.
AIX Support for the X/Open UNIX95
Beginning with AIX Version 4.2, the
operating system is designed to support the X/Open UNIX95
Specification for portability of UNIX-based operating systems. Many
new interfaces, and some current ones, have been added or enhanced to meet
this specification. Beginning with Version 4.2, AIX is even more open and
portable for applications.
At the same time, compatibility with previous
AIX releases is preserved. This is accomplished by the creation of a new
environment variable, which can be used to set the system environment on a
per-system, per-user, or per-process basis.
To determine the proper way to develop a
UNIX95-portable application, you may need to refer to the X/Open
UNIX95 Specification, which can be obtained on a CD-ROM by ordering the
printed copy of AIX Version 4.3 Commands Reference, order number SBOF-1877, or by
ordering Go Solo: How to Implement and Go Solo with the Single Unix
Specification, order number SR28-5705, a book which includes the X/Open
UNIX95 Specification on a CD-ROM.
The following publications contain
information on the commands and files used in the operating system.
- AIX Version 4.3 Commands Reference, SBOF-1877,
is a six-volume set that contains supported commands in alphabetical
- AIX Version 4.3 Files Reference, SC23-4168,
contains information on the files available with the operating
The following books contain other information
you may find useful in day-to-day managing:
- AIX Version 4.3 Quick Reference, SC23-2529,
contains brief descriptions of frequently used commands, along with
brief summaries of the commands.
- AIX Version 4.3 INed Editor User's Guide contains information
on the INed editor.
You can order publications from your sales
representative or from your point of sale.
To order additional copies of this book, use
order number SC23-4126.
Use AIX and Related Products Documentation Overview for information on
related publications and how to obtain them.
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