Reference and Diagnostic Disks
Can't Access System Partition
76/77 Power Supply
BIOS Flash Disk
5V CPU Jumper Setting
Installing 83 / 63 MHz POD
Voltage Regulator Module
Interposer for POD
Dirty Secrets of the POD
IDE Hard Drive
10.2GB Maxtor Under W98
IDE Zip Drive
Direct Cable Connection under
"!" Under 95
Drivers for 928
800x600x64k under W95
Video Adapters under W95
Lacuna Video Glitch
Compatible Cache Sources
Installing and Removing Cache
25/33MHz Lacuna SynchroStream
Refdisk and Diags
76/77 Reference Diskette Version 3.10
76/77 Diagnostics Diskette
Lacuna Planar (76/77
J3 Parallel Port
J4 Serial Port
J5 Serial Port
J6 Video Port
J9 Video Memory Socket
J15 MCA Riser
J16 IDE Controller (40 Pin)
J17 Floppy Controller (44 pin)
J19 Voltage Select Header
J20 Power Socket
J21 Power Switch / Speaker
J23 LogicLock Socket
JMP3 CPU Speed Select (J12)
OS1 66.6667 MHz
R6 Keyboard Fuse (PTC Resistor)
U18 AT&T ATT20C490-11 RAMDAC
U20 S3 86C928-P
U28 ICS ICS1494M
U30 Socket 3 237-pin ZIF socket
U51 L2 Cache Socket
U57 82077SL Floppy Ctrlr
U58 Dallas DS1585S RTC
U71 ICS 5402 (?)
U74 71G0438 (SSC)
VR1 LT1085CT VR
Y1 14.3 KHz
Y2 32.768 KHz???
Memory Supported 4MB, 8MB
and 16MB 70-nS SIMMs, Parity or ECC
The 7677 FLASH Disk is for the Lacuna planar. Older Model
76 and 77 have the Bermuda planar which does *not* have FLASH BIOS.
76/77 BIOS revision build 61A
>So how did anyone figure that "8" was an improvement, other than Y2K?
I'm guessing that "4" would have worked after a manual reset.
The later BIOS releases after 02 / 03 contain some few fixes for the
nasty Booktree RamDAC problems that cause checkerboard / yellow / half-screen-black
/ speckled ASCII-garbage video errors under OS/2 and give additional "over
524MB IDE support". Haven't read all the
accompanying comments :-)
Hmmm.... Just checked. My Lacuna is Rev. 7, happily running
a POD 83, write-back, no interposer. Guess I'll leave it at seven.
System Partition on 76s (maybe others)
On the 76i / 77i with the Lacuna planar (and planar IDE, S3-928 SVGA)
the "system partition" is only for convenience - but it is not required
for getting parts of the BIOS into the memory as on the older 76 / 77 with
the "Bermuda" planar.
The 76i / 77i are "non-IML" machines and do not support
a "real system partition" anyway - they just offer the ability to "park"
the reference and diagnostic disk for easier access on the harddisk. Otherwise
called a Convenience partition.
Ed. But they
DO support a Convenience Partition IF you use an IBM SCSI adapter (NOT
the FD SCSI-2 that is standard). To install a Convenience Partition and
be able to access it, you have to LLF the drive and then restore the partition.
Just running "Restore System Partition" without LLFing the drive first
will result in the system refusing to access the partition.
I have a Fast/Wide in my 77s, and I can bring up the Convenience
partition with F1. So much better when you have a huge pile of poorly titled
or untitled floppies on your desk...
However: I had similar problems getting a system partition
on the drive. There had been one once on your drive (the unused 4MB space)
but it has been loused up by what reason - same what happened to me. In
this case the MBR of this "hidden" partition is invalid and cannot be used
any longer. Therefore "Restore system partition" does not work. The only
way to get it back is in fact a Low-Level format. In fact the order is
You need to instal the system partition first, *then*
run FDISK from any other operating system. Some FDISKs (like that from
OS/2 2.x) do not always accept the "system partition" as hidden ... :-)
... and simply overwrite it or corrupt the boot / MBR informations. OS/2
2.1 CID installation was famed for lousing up the system partition on the
76i / 77i.
My recommendation: If you already have a lot stuff
on the drive - leave it as it is. If you'd only installed the Win95 so
far - mind running the LLFORMAT and install a system partition. You need
to start with the reference in A: and press CTRL+A in the main menu to
start (A)dvanced Diagnostic. Then run "Format harddisk" and follow the
instructions on the screen. Reboot after finish - restart with the reference
disk and run "Restore system partition". Worked fine when I tried it last
Installing a 5V Upgrade
Jumper 3-4, 5-6, 7-8 (pin-9 = N/A).
Installing an 83 or
63 MHz Pentium Overdrive Processor
Diags Level G7GT55A
and interposer required. Jumpers must be set in J19 as for a 5V cpu (the
POD has a built in 5v to 3.45v convertor)
Installing a 3.45V Upgrade
Remove the jumpers. Install VRM.
The Voltage Regulating Module (VRM),
made especially for the 9576/77i system board. It is used to reduce the
CPU core voltage from 5.0VDC to 3.45VDC. That makes it possible to put
an Intel 486DX4/100 or AMD 5x86/P75 CPU on the board to upgrade the performance.
R1 1.5K 1/4 w 5% mf
R2 200 1/4w 1% mf
1/4w 1% mf
C4 10uF 50v 105c
C5 220uF 16v 105c
C6 220uF 16v 105c
C7 220uF 16v 105c
C8 10uF 50v 105c
VRM Circuit Diagram
Jim babbles on about some good to know stuff...
R2 and R3 should be 1% or better precision resistors,
since they set the output voltage of the regulator. Don't substitute
a 'close' standard value for R3 if you don't have access to the exact value;
a 300 ohm resistor in series with a 100 ohm trimpot could be substituted
for R3 to allow fine trim of the regulator voltage.
The formula for calculating the resistors is in the regulator data
sheet. Use the simpler formula that ignores reference current.
LT1083/84/85 7.5, 5, 3A Low Dropout Pos Adj Regulator
By Alfred Arnold Take a look at it HERE
Interposer is required to properly support L2 cache on
a number of systems. Sometimes, even an interposer isn't enough... 19x19
pin - PGA socket (top-view) Push out the identified pin using a
From Tam Thi
Tested out a custom home-brew interposer with the "missing"
pin as shown and lo and behold, I can now enable write-back caching on
the 256K cache module when run a Pentium 83MHz Overdrive. Previously, I
could use the POD but only with the cache set to write-through.
I was just informed that my source had dried up 905/10/00).
I'll be looking for another source...
NOTE: Some systems do NOT accept
ANY L2 cache modules. I have three Lacunas, none of them supported any
of the IBM marked modules or IDT modules. Other people (Bob Watts among
others) just seem to drop a POD in their machine, toss in any old L2 module,
and it comes up happy. It is NOT the fault of the interposer. Read below
of the POD
From Peter Wendt
>The whole Pentium Overdrive debacle was a mess from the beginning,
with Intel changing specs and making motherboard manufacturer's and BIOS
writers crazy. And Louis tried every BIOS level and revision I'm sure.
In fact they changed the PODP specs shortly before announcement.
This L2 communication problem shows up on all these machines where the
design work starts in early 1993. At IBM these are namely the PC-300 and
the "Lacuna". In a way the PODP was the Edsel of the processors:
good idea, bad marketing - and outdated in the right after announcement.
hurried it a bit - when the problems showed up the major work was already
done for the board-makers.
The main reason AFAIK: the original concept did not include
boards with L2 WB-cache .... the most of the older boards did not have
L2 - and if, then it were simple WT-cache. The problem got sharpened with
the introduction of the "COAST" specification originally designed for "real
Pentiums", when it got adopted by the 486/POPD developers. Good example:
the PS/VP Series 2. A straight 486-board with cache SIMM. That wasn't planned
Method for Interrupt
Sharing with IDE Hard Files in IBM PS/2 Systems
Disclosed is a method that allows the interrupt request
of an IDE hardfile to be shared with
another device (e.g., SCSI hardfile) on interrupt level 14 within an
IBM PS/2* system.
The interrupt request (IRQ) of an IDE interface was designed
to be on a non-shared interrupt level. According to PS/2 Micro Channel*
system architecture, all hardfile IRQs are shared on interrupt level 14.
In a Micro Channel computer system that supports both an IDE hardfile and
SCSI hardfile, a problem arises. The essence of the problem is that
because the IDE interface IRQ was designed to be non-sharing, no IRQ "indicator
bit" exists in any of the IDE status registers. In order for interrupt
handling software to determine which of two or more devices sharing an
IRQ level is the requesting device, an IRQ "indicator bit" or status bit
is needed. The Figure shows a simple solution to provide the IRQ "indicator
To provide the IRQ "indicator bit" for the Micro Channel
IDE interface, bit 2 of port 92 was selected. In previous systems bit 2
(port 92) was connected to a pin in the I/O controller chip called SECURITY
OVERRIDE. SECURITY OVERRIDE is a signal that can be mechanically
jumpered to ground by a customer engineer to override and reset the system
password. It sets port 92 bit 2 which is read by POST during system
power-up initialization. In normal functional
operation, SECURITY OVERRIDE is a static signal tied to +5V.
Because SECURITY OVERRIDE will only be jumpered to ground in the unlikely
and infrequent case of a customer engineer making a repair to a PS/2 system,
bit 2 of port 92 is multiplexed to monitor the IDE IRQ14 line and serve
as the needed "indicator bit" as shown in the Figure. The enable
for the multiplexer is bit 4 of port E3 which is an output (ROM_PAGE) from
the memory controller. During POST initialization, bit 4 of port
E3 is set to 0, and the SECURITY OVERRIDE signal is selected and its polarity
can be read from bit 2 of port 92. After the necessary testing and
initializations have been done, bit 4 in port E3 is set to a 1 before
exiting POST. IDE IRQ14 is then selected through the mux shown in
the Figure and latched with a free-running clock into bit 2 of port 92.
Bit 2 of port 92 then functions as the IDE IRQ "indicator bit".
IDE CDROM on 76/77
I recently bought an IDE CD-ROM for a 9577 (VTG). I connected
it on the motherboard IDE controller. It works correctly under DOS with
the following commands in CONFIG.SYS: DEVICE=BTCDROM.SYS /D:MSCD001 and
C:\WINDOWS\COMMAND\MSCDEX.EXE /D:MSCD001 /V in AUTOEXEC.BAT
But when I try to start Windows 95, everything STOP during the
initialisation of Windows.
You have to manually install an IDE driver in Win95. Controlpanel ->
Add New Hardware. Do not let Windows find it automatically! Add an Standard
IDE/ESDI Harddisk Controller, IRQ=14, I/O=0x170 (maybe it is 0x1F0). Now
you are able to use the CD-rom without DOS-drivers.
IDE Hard Drive
. I used these to run a WD2540 in 32 bit mode Same as above, Manual
Standard IDE/ESDI HD Controller
IO Range 01F0-01F7
IO Range 03F6-03F6
Though others have sucessfully used the Busmater IDE HD controller.
When I set up the 540, it was for an ISA/PCI machine with built-in IDE
controller. I was looking for as much compatibility as possible.
Maxtor 10.2 GB IDE
From Michael Lybarger
I just installed a Maxtor 10.2 gig "diamondmax" 7200 rpm
unit on my 77s and upgraded to win 98 (from 95). I could not get
the hard drive, CD rom or floppy drive (!) to run with a protected mode
driver, as they did with my previous configuration (using 2 SCSI 270 MB
drives instead of the big IDE and one SCSI I have now).
First I tried to use FDISK, (the latest version,
that supports 32 bit), but it would not allow me a partition bigger than
7.23 gig or something like that. I do not know the reason for this.
Anyway, the max blast program worked great- I got the whole 10.2 gig (which
was the primary reason for going to win98 anyway- 95a does not support
a 32 bit FAT). As I said, once I got it set up properly on IRQ 14,
It ran in protected mode with the windows driver.
From Ron Doran
I have recently had great success with on 850MB Western
Digital IDE drive on the connector with no formatting problems, but
the machine puked when I tried 2 different 1024MB Seagate drives on it.
(puked=low level format) ;)
If you have a BIOS revision 07 or 08 even if you have
a drive over 4GB you don't need a disk-manager ... you only cannot install
a convenience partition on that drive. My 9577-BTG has a 4.51 GB Seagate
Barracuda installed. Works fine - but I have to fiddle around with the
ref- and diags-floppies once I change something.
IDE ZIP + Lacuna ( IDE
From POD Boy
Since the Iomega ZIP drive is an ATAPI compliant device, I was
pretty sure it would work, but you never know. I simply plugged it
into my IDE cable, and Windows 95 OSR2 found it and installed it instantly
with no problem.
For further information, an IDE CD-ROM device was
previously on this cable, and it is jumpered as Master, and the ZIP drive
is jumpered as Slave. Also, an IBM 0662 1 gig SCSI drive is the boot drive,
on the factory installed Future Domain controller.
The "Lacuna" board has a 40-pin single-channel IDE controller port
just above the FDD-port. It nicely takes harddisks over 524MB if the Flash.-BIOS
release is 08 or 09 (G7GT61A).
The IDE-channel accepts two devices in the usual master
/ slave configuration on a standard IDE-cable. There is however some care
required if you want to use it simultanously with the SCSI adapter. You
need to set the boot-sequence in the "features" properly - to avoid problems
when the system tries to boot from an IDE CD-ROM ... :-)
Based on personal experience, the IDE header on the Lacuna
planar uses a polarized plug. BUT look at the header- it uses TWO keys,
one near each end. If you have the common IDE polarized plug on your cable,
it has ONE centrally located key....
Luckily, I found a non-polarized plug (no keys at all). All
you ISA/PCI veterans know what to do if the system refuses to boot- check
the cable pin 1... (I just turned the cable 180, plugged it in,
and it booted).
If you do not have the uncommon dual key plug, simply
use a file or a sharp knife and remove the polarizing key off an IDE cable
you have laying around. Note that Pin 1 is toward the riser! Look at the
planar illustration. The red marked wire goes toward the riser!
From Dr. Jim
If an IDE data cable is plugged in backwards, it can hold
the reset line on the motherboard down. The result is a motherboard
that appears dead.
Pin One Makes a Difference
From Martin Adams
I tried to install an IDE CD drive. I had read all the
stuff on Louis page on installing a IDE CD. And reviewed all of Bob Watts
notes, looked very easy. I had a cable with out any external key so it
would fit in the weird double keyed socket. (Ed.
Look directly above this paragraph!)
I had the drive set as master, but what ever I did, 3
different cables 3 different IDE CD's. Another planner. Nothing would work.
Damn drive door wouldn't even open.
I was looking at the planner and it hit me. I had assumed
that pin 1 for the IDE port was on the same end as the FDD cable. I noticed
one of the middle pins that was cut for use of a cable the was plugged
to act as a key.
I had been hooking up the cable on the planer backwards
all the time! So note pin one for the IDE is towards
the riser card.
The onboard IDE is a "single channel"-IDE but rumours say BIOS 08 is
capable to handle drives over 528MB, mine at home currently runs with a
650MB, so it is in a way a "half EIDE" interface. Pretty strange.
>I have the IDE version of the Model 9576. I want to add an IDE based
CD-Reader Writer BUT can't getr the reference program to recognize the
fact that something is there.
Uhm ... do you still use the IDE port for a harddisk ?
If so: check if the harddisk requires a particular jumpering for "Master
with a Slave". "Single Drive" should be avoided consequently :-)
If you don't have a HD on the IDE port: jumper the CD-burner
as "Master". The IDE port often dislikes the use of a "Slave only" configuration.
And check your systems' BIOS level. Those before 07 had several limitations
on the type of supported devices / drive sizes. Take 08 at least.
S3 928 Video Drivers
S3 and Diamond merged, lookit HERE
1. The S3-928 version used in the Lacuna contains a "special" IBM video
bios that includes all XGA-2 modes to allow the use of 951x monitors with
2. The S3-928 cannot be disabled physically. It goes in some sort of
"sleep mode" when another VGA / SVGA capable card is detected - nontheless
parts of the card is still activated and *may* cause trouble.
Not confirmed: the early BIOS releases below 07 seem to be more vulnerable
to video disturbances with S3 and other video cards. One thing IBM tried
to fix with 07. In either case you better use a BIOS 08 - also for the
"over 524MB HD" capability.
3. The XGA-2 card has not been announced to be used with the "Lacuna"
series anyway. IBM seems to have removed the card from the list, because
in the first announcement of the 76i / 77i the XGA-2 is still listed -
not in the later product / option matrices and product descriptions on
4. The 9515 and 9517 monitors are not 800 x 600 capable *per IBM*. They
can be tweaked to show an 800 x 600 like picture, but it is distorted and
the monitors have no explicit mode for it. These screens are "XGA-2 only"
Multi-Mode screens with fixed adjusted presets. They are no Multisyncs.
If you want to run the Lacuna with most of the possible
modes switch to a 9525 or 9527 monitor. Or any other good SVGA screen.
I run my "workhorse" 9595-S30 with XGA-2 on an Eizo F35, the 9577-BTG runs
with a NEC 15XE and both do fine.
5. Nontheless the XGA-2 (at least) will run in a Lacuna. There might
be some interference to clear out manually during OS installs, which is
the primary video system. This is usually the one with the monitor attached.
In 99% of all cases OS'es get that right - but sometimes the onboard video
is ranked higher and the OS gets confused. (Haven't seen that too often
to be true - but can happen).
The onboard-video chipset is a S3-928 SVGA. The box runs
nicely with Win 95 - will most likely also run nice with Win98, since it
has IDE and not IBM MCA SCSI (which is only merely supported with 98).
To install the appropriate drivers for DOS/Win 3.x / Win95 see the "W95
Setup for S3 SVGA" setup page. This will enable your machine to use
the full potential of the S3 chipset.
Display adapter cards that use the Auxiliary Video Extension
when installed in a system require installation in slot one (9576) or slot
two (9577) and attachment of a display to the system video connector during
configuration of the system.
There is no way I know of disabling the on-board video.
W95 says there is a conflict, but none shows up under Device Mangler. You
cannot successfully configure the add-in video card.
>I have a 77s that has displayed a charming quirk- it waves the
top half inch of the screen. Not all the time, but...
Please check the type of the Video RAMDAC - and
the origin of the S3 chip. Some Thailand-S3s have internal bugs using
an earlier stepping mask. The RamDac should be the AT&T in this case.
These were the machines that cause massive faults under OS/2 2.1 ...
The S3 chips are famed for a lot "undocumented features"
(like using an
address for COM4 (? yes - think so)) and this chipset is -basically-
a VESA Local Bus chipset which is stiched in the Lacuna planar with a hot
>IIRC, the last three digits of one of the S3's I/O ports is 2e8.
B2e8h or something.
Yep. That was it.
>If I understand this correctly, it wasn't S3's fault that some com
hardware did faulty address decoding.
Yes and No. On MCA it wouldn't have been too bad, because MCA *should*
use a full decoding (or: 24 bits at least, 16 bit for the I/O range), but
-again- the VLB chipset was a little buggy already, before IBM decided
to put that on a MCA platform. Who's to blame ? S3 -in addition- delivered
chipsets which were out of specs for some series which made things worser
than it already was.
>The workaround was to not use com4/2e8 if possible, or to remap com4
to a different address if it was really needed.
IBM's COM3 - 4 ports on the PS/2 were not "XT-style" so this COM/Video
interference wasn't much of a problem here. It was *much* worser on the
"Rocket" PS/VP Series 3, which were PCI/ISA with more generic layout and
adresses. They used S3 chipsets too ...
>I have seen Lacunas with S3-928 Rev. G and Rev. P. Seen both
kind with either a BT or AT&T DAC also.
Most likely the -G- revisions
are afflicted by what IBM euphemistically called "video timing glitch"
... and which causes the entire machine to crash under OS/2. IBM offered
various bug-fixes for OS/2 2.1 and tried to fix the problem with modified
hardware as well, which lead to slight incompatibilities with driver versions.
The drivers for the original (un-fixed) 2.1 did not work very well with
these machines. The APARs offered for Germany were .... now ... not so
good. The US-APARs seed to be better, but you should not mix different
language versions within any OS. The later series of the "Lacuna" seemed
to be more stable and especially with OS/2 Warp the problems rarely occured.
Some machines that have been migrated to Win95 show
up odd effects recently. Especially when switching to and from DOS-boxes
into full-screen hi-res modes may cause the system to hang, fall into GPF
or show odd colored icons / missing icons / speckled screen etc. This seems
to be caused by a faulty, out-of-time palette read ... haven't noticed
that on my machine, so I guess the -P- level of the S3 seems to be stabilized.
CN1 Male 68 pin VMB
U1, U2 Solder pads
U3 Vialogic VL i110 A
X1 32.000 MHz
X2 25.000 MHz
OS/2 2.11 drivers
readme for Mediaos2.exe
U3 is a Vialogic PowerPlay 32
IBM MediaBurst Movie Adapter (expands up to four times
the window size of many software motion-video compression algorithms, such
as Video for Windows or Ultimotion(TM), and provides access to the VESA
Media Channel (VMC))
The MediaBurst Movie device driver uses the PowerPlay 32
accelerator chip to provide enhanced playback of digital video. This
allows viewing of video clips in larger-sized windows or full-screen
without the degradation in speed and picture quality usually associated
with software motion video.
Key features of the MediaBurst Movie option include:
o Full-screen video at up to 30 frames per second
o Smooth scaling of the video image for better picture
o Support for IBM OS/2 Multimedia Presentation Manager/2*
(MMPM/2) and Microsoft** Video for Windows** movie formats:
- INDEO 2.1, 3.1
- Audio Video Interleave (AVI)
RESOLUTION SUPPORTED BY MEDIABURST OPTION
AVI File Video
Format Acceleration Scaling
All Others No
My thanks to Brad Parker for ripping apart his 77s and sending me a
Does the 77i even support ECP? My printer/CD/ZIP drive doesn't work...
Do the following:
- boot into reference (either disk or system partition if one installed)
- enter "Set configuration"
- find the "Parallel Port DMA" and set it to "Disable".
- press [F10] to store the config ... [F3]/[F3] to leave.
That should fix the problem. The 9577 -as most PS/2- has
a "DMA-arbitrated" LPT-port, which is neither ECP nor EPP, only "sort of".
The "Disable" directs the machine not to use DMA during bi-directional
transfers and use a contigous data-stream.
The DMA-mode tends to miss backcoming signals from PP-devices
especially PP CD-ROMs, Tapes and Zip-Drives. Some printer-drivers use the
bi-directional communication to signal details from the printer back to
Yes it does work. I even used the ECP port setting with the
parallel cable. Both ports were at Parallel 2, and DMA Arbitration 1.
For a detailed description of the DCC process, 95 to 95, 95
to 3.1x, etc. check out Connect
Pages at Kime.Net.
Parallel Port "!" under
W95 with Audiovation
I was thinking way too hard on this. The default choice for
W95 to assign an IO Range for a MCA parallel port is 3BC-3BE. BUT this
conflicts with the first memory range of the S3 928 (check resources, the
first range is 3B00-3BFF). Set your parallel port to "parallel 2" under
system programs, which is the standard 378-37D address. Then under W9x,
set the IO range to 378-37A.."!" goes away.
From Aron Eisenpress
>Aron, spare me some pointless pondering. The two IDT L2 cache modules
are for WHAT VP system(s)?
Sorry.. let me be more clear!
The Lacuna cache modules physically fit the ValuePoint
2 systems - the 6382/S, 6384/D, and 6387/T (not
the 6384's with 30-pin SIMMs, which are so-called VP 1's, nor
the Pentium-60's, nor the Si or
Here are *all* the IDT modules I know about:
128k WT for Lacuna, as has been mentioned.
128k WB for VP2; works fine there.
256k WB for VP2; works fine in WT but not reliable in WB mode.
I didn't have a Lacuna to test this in then.
256k WB for VP2; seems to work well.
256k, I think it's WT. This does not work properly in the VP2 with
a cpu faster than a 486DX33, and when I tried it in the 76s it worked
but I got a message saying that the copy of the FAT in memory was bad...
so I don't think it works properly there either! Maybe the chips are too
slow or something. We got these as add-ons at the time we bought
a bunch of VP2 DX33's, so I presume they're supposed to work in them.
128k, WT. Seems to work in the 76s and also in the VP2.
There's another one which is 256K WB and worked
fine in my 6382/S but I can't seem to find a record of what the number
was and I no longer have that system.
Note the notch on the bottom of the module on the corner.
Now look at the cache socket. Notice the white plastic part that seems
to be useless? It isn't. Insert the cache module so that the notch is towards
the white latch. If you want to remove the cache module, pull up on the
white latch (it's a captive part!) until the notched corner of the cache
module is pushed out of the socket. Neat-o, isn't it? (Works fine in my
9585-xNx, but there isn't enough room in the 77s case to effectively pull
up on the latch...)
128KB L2 Cache
Here is the little puppy in my 76s. Note the three pin header
in the upper rught hand corner. Jumper the left and center pin for Write
Through, jumper the center and right pins for Write Back.
There has been a number of efforts to deduce the proper choice
of WT/WB with certain processors. But if you search the newsgroup, some
boards work one way, then move the CPU and cache to another board, and
it bombs. Whatever works for you ....
256K L2 Cache PN 06H3307
Note that the controller is still the same... The reverse side
of this module has matching chips (except the big controller)
Integrated Device Technology
128K Write Through
No jumpers on this- straight write-through...
256K Write Through(got
to find it again!)
the Lacuna board
From Zp Gu
This mod is relatively easy. I changed the 66.667mhz OSC
to an 80mhz surface mount crystal/osc from Digikey and the board is now
running an AMD-133 at 160mhz without any problem.
The board actually has 4 thru-holes under the OSC, but
IBM chose to put an SMD instead of a half size socket. Socket would have
made life much easier. I didn't attempt to put a socket there since I don't
have the right equipment/skill to do so. I just soldered a surface mount
80Mhz to its place.
Putting a POD83 in failed POST. I can't imagine Intel
being so tight on this, but maybe it's just my bad luck. Running it at
83mhz was no problem.
From Peter Wendt
My 9577-BTG chokes at power on with a 2401 "platform video
error". Obviously my S3-928 chipset dislikes the 40MHz base clock. On attempting
to bypass the error with [F1] - "Start operating system" the system hangs
with a GPF-screen at Win95 logon ... or rebooted after the network adapter
tried to insert into the TR-network.
The effect was much worser with the Kingston Turbochip
- but also noticeable with the original DX4-100 ... where in addition the
VRM turned really hot ! Significantly hotter than under normal operation
- a sign that the power drawn from the DX4 at 40MHz is "a little bit" higher
than at 33MHz.
I had only a "full size" oscillator and needed to
build a sort of "adapter" from half-size holes to full-size socket. But
that's a minor problem. *Then* I needed to solder an adapter for the original
66.6667MHz SMD-crystal ... Aaak !
Anyone tried that modification with a "Bermuda" ? These
have MCA XGA-2 cards and no "local bus video" as the "Lacuna". Should work
a bit better there ... probably.
From Zp Gu
This is definitely another warning to anyone who contemplates
the mod. You can't apply enough disclaimers to this kind soldering.
Mine has no VRM, originally DX2/66 with ATT20C490-11 DAC.
The cache module feels very warm. But then again, it's always very hot
to the touch.
I believe you can't set Kingston TurboChip's level-1 cache
to WB, hence it's the most compatible upgrade (and least performing).
From Peter Wendt
Mine has the Booktree Bt495 RAMDAC ... the cache module
is the IDT 256K WT/WB with the IBM decals (tested in both modes and without
- no change). It already gets really hot during operation - even with the
Symptom: LanStreamer and EtherStreamer
adapter do not work in 76i/77i with 25MHz planar (FRU P/N 95G9691)
Problem Isolation Aids: Adapter
cards function correctly in other 9576/9577 models & 76i/77i with 33MHz
Fix: Streaming mode adapter
cards are not supported for use with 76i/77i systems fitted with 25MHz
planar. The problem is caused by a limitation of the level of Bus Interface
Controller chip used on this planar. 76i/77i systems with the 33MHz planar
are unaffected by this problem.
Solution: Replace the systemboard FRU
P/N 95G9691 with FRU P/N 96G1305. (Identification - FRU 95G9691 = 'yellow'
/ FRU 96G1305 = 'blue' Synchro Stream Controller.
The SPD-jumper left from the CPU-socket sets the processor
base clock of 25 or 33MHz - it is only present on the 25MHz-planars as
far as I know. These can be switched up to 33, but the 33MHz planars cannot
be switched down to 25MHz (wonder why !). You will have to set the multiplier
jumper to 3X when you use the board in the setting with 33MHz. The 4x /
25MHz setting will also work - but the accesses on the board level might
be a bit slower.
The 25MHz boards are afflicted by a flaw in the "Synchro
Stream" controller: a large yellow or blue chip somewhere in the middle
of the board. If yours is Part-Number 95G9691 and has
the yellow synchro-stream controller it might not work with the faster
network adapters of the IBM Streamer series. If it is P/N 96G1305 and has
the blue synchro-stream controller it is not afflicted by this misbehaviour.
In "normal life" this has no affect however - you only will take notice
if you use adapters that use the 80MB/s high speed data streaming.
When the Lacunas came out there was a series of falsely
wired "speaker /power switch / LED" units - which had the speaker wired
to +5VDC of the HD activity LED instead to GND. Now - these machines made
a lot noise when accessing the harddisk :-)
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